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The Nobel Laureate in Chemistry, Prof. Dan Shechtman Visited STU
Saturday, 10 May 2014 14:27

 

Invited by Shantou University and Li Ka Shing Foundation, Prof. Dan Shechtman, visited STU and carried out academic exchange from May 4th to 8th. he is an outstanding professor in Israel Institute of Technology, winning the 2011 Nobel Prize in chemistry,

 

On the evening of May 5th, Prof. Dan Shechtman’s first lecture, ‘Technological Entrepreneurship - a Key to World Peace and Prosperity’ held in the Great Hall of STU. The Executive Headmaster of STU Gu Peihua showed warm welcome to Prof. Dan Shechtman and issued him the certificate of ‘Shantou University Professor Emeritus’ on behalf of Shantou University. The Deputy Mayor of STU Zhao Hong, Hong Kong Scientific and Technical University Assistant Director Weng Yideng and more than 1000 famous teachers attended the lecture.

 

Referring to ‘technology entrepreneurs’, said Prof. Dan Shechtman, in today’s world, most of the countries are lack of important natural resources, and due to population problems and poor management, people in these countries have low living standard with unoptimistic development prospect. The same problems also occur in the countries with abundant natural resources which are not used properly. In highly industrialized countries, people work hard, but also enjoy the excellent standard of living. The reason why this kind of polarization situation appears is the spirit of technology entrepreneurs under the open market economic system. It is the kind of technical talent with an entrepreneurial spirit to make a country full of vigor and vitality. Then, whether everyone on the earth has opportunities to improve their living standard? Whether the spirit of technology entrepreneurs can be developed by professors which inspired generations of entrepreneurs working for the revitalization of the economy? The answer is yes, but the process is long and arduous. He believes that we can start to cultivate the spirit of technology entrepreneurs from integrated education, especially in science and engineering education. The best cultivating targets could be well-trained engineers and scientists, who are expected to become the pioneer in technology entrepreneurship. These people have the ability to achieve the technical imbark. However, before they succeed and becoming others’ role models, they need motivation, constant guidance and good economic environment. The key thing to remember here is that motivation. Once these talents entrepreneurial spirit is ignited, they will bring great benefits to the country. China, Israel, Korea, and Turkey and other countries are engaged in this kind of process. Under the encouragement of entrepreneurship, these countries gradually shift from an agricultural country to an industrial power after several generations, and under the guidance of many engineers and scientists, they actively develop high-tech industries.

 

During his visit in STU, Prof. Dan Shechtman also gave other academic lectures entitled ‘Quasi-Periodic Crystals - A Paradigm Shift in Crystallography’ and ‘Challenges in Materials Science and Engineering’. The lectures were respectively held by Vice Principal Li Dan and Vice Principal Lin Danming. Prof. Dan Shechtman attended Business College’s pioneering lecture, held by Professor Shlomo Maital, who is from Israel Institute of Technology. He also carried out in-depth exchanges with school leaders and relevant departments. Prof. Dan Shechtman, who was born in Israel Tel Aviv in 1941, successively obtained mechanical engineering bachelor, materials science master and the doctorate in Israeli Technical institute. He was the professor of Materials Science in Israel Institute of technology of Philip Tobias and in Iowa State University, and the assistant of U.S. Department of Energy, the Ames Laboratory.

 

On April 8, 1982, Prof. Dan Shechtman discovered a new form of Icosahedral Phase molecular structure in the fast cooling aluminum manganese alloy, which opened the brand-new domain of quasi-crystal research. He won a Nobel Prize in chemistry in 2011, in recognition of his discovery aligned crystals. Quasi crystals, also known as “Crystal” or “quasi-Crystal”, are a range of Crystal and amorphous solid structures. In the arrangement of atoms in quasi-crystals, their structures are long-ranges, which are similar to crystals. However Crystal does not have Translational symmetry. It is their difference. Ordinary Crystal has two, three, four or six times rotational symmetry, but the quasi-crystal’s Bragg diffraction pattern has other symmetry, such as five times symmetry or even above six times symmetry. On September 29, 2013, under the support of the Guangdong Province, Shantou City, and Li Ka Shing Foundation, Israel Institute of Technology signed a memorandum of cooperation with Shantou University in Tel Aviv to co-founded Guangdong Israel Institute of technology (TGIT). Israel Institute of Technology President Professor Pérez • Ravi and executive president of Shantou University Professor Gu Peihua signed together, on behalf of the two sides. Guangdong Governor Zhu Xiaodan , Li Ka-shing , the Israeli Ministry of Science and Technology Minister Yakov • Perry and other guests witness this important moment
Professor Dan • Xieheteman 's visit in STU has a positive impact on the promotion of co-founding Guangdong Israel Institute of Technology, as well as teaching, scientific exchanges and cooperation between the two schools.

 

 

Translator: Nicole Zheng